The Arts and Crafts Movement was a reaction against the poor quality of machine-production and the conditions under which these goods were produced. It also distanced itself from the embellished ornamentation of the Victorian era.
It was an international design movement that originated in England and flourished between 1880 and 1910, continuing its influence up to the 1930s.
The Arts and Crafts movement advocated truth to materials and traditional craftsmanship using simple forms. It also proposed economic and social reform and has been seen as essentially anti-industrial.
This style glorified craftsmanship in simple shapes with exposed joinery, spare ornamentation and strong lines. Materials used include metals, stained glass and painted tiles and fabrics featuring stylized floral motifs.
By the end of the nineteenth century, Arts and Crafts ideals had influenced architecture, painting, sculpture, graphics, illustration, book making and photography, domestic design and the decorative arts.